The causes of infertility are varied but typically include factors such as age, physical condition, hormone levels, and/or exposure to adverse environmental factors such as medicines or illnesses.
Causes of Infertility in Men
Sometimes it is easier to determine the root of infertility in men than in women. A simple semen analysis will either rule out male factor infertility or confirm it. Issues may stem from sperm production, abnormal size or shape, or obstruction.
A male may experience infertility due to reduced sperm production, hormone imbalance, obstructive problems affecting the transfer of sperm to semen, or the adverse affects of environment, medications or illnesses.
Causes of Infertility in Women
Female causes for infertility are varied, but the number one reason a woman may struggle to become pregnant on her own is due to age. A woman is born with a finite number of eggs. Typically speaking, the quality of her eggs begins to decline in her 30's.
After age 40 chromosomal abnormalities begin to show up. If a woman enters premature ovarian failure or begins to display symptoms of perimenopause like irregular periods or ovulation, infertility treatment should begin as soon as possible.
Other reasons a woman can't get pregnant on her own may include ectopic pregnancy, a simple hormone imbalance, the affects if being over or under weight, endometriosis, polycystic ovarain syndrome, fibroids or polyps in the uterus, hyperprolactinemia or hypothalmic amenorrhea.
Rebecca's Success Story
I was on a really traditional path - college, job, marriage, then start a family. Except, when I got to the kids part, it just wasn't happening for me. I spent a lot of time stressing and crying over what might be wrong with me or what I could possibly be doing wrong. I can't describe the relief I felt when I finally found out that all I had to do was remove a fibroid. I had my Tommy the same year and I couldn't thank Dr Morgan and his staff enough. They were great! - Rebecca M.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT FERTILITY HEALTH
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT CAUSES OF INFERTILITY
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is one of the leading causes of infertility among women and unfortunately, among the most misdiagnosed. Learn more.
Not everyone requires In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Medication or simple surgery may eliminate the obstacle to pregnancy. Learn more.
Tubal ligation reversal is sometimes not possible or advisable. Get the facts in order to make an informed decision. Learn more.
More common than you might think, approximately 30% of reported cases of infertility are categorized as "unexplained" by specialists. Learn more.