Female Fertility Tests
Female fertility tests can evaluate egg quality and quantity, fertilization ability, whether fallopian tubes are open or blocked, and whether uterine conditions are conducive to embryo implantation so a pregnancy can develop.
Each hormone plays a special part in conception. So, we will evaluate levels of specific hormones in your blood in order to get a clearer picture of your fertility health and what treatments may be necessary.
Progesterone supports early pregnancy and stabilizes the uterine lining for implantation of a fertilized egg.
Estrogen (E2) stimulates follicle growth and production of fertile mucus from the cervix, and also prepares uterine lining for implantation
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) stimulates ovulation.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) stimulates egg development. High FSH levels can indicate a decrease in ovarian reserve (egg supply).
Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) also indicates the size of ovarian reserve. Higher AMH levels indicate a strong ovarian reserve, whereas a lower value may indicate a decrease in ovarian reserve.
An ultrasound will also help determine ovarian reserve be revealing the number of follicles a woman still has. It will also reveal fibroids and other abnormalities that work against successfully becoming pregnant.
Performed inthe office, an SHG is quick and painless. We inject sterile saline into the cavity of the uterus to evaluate the uterine lining and look for fibroids, polyps or other abnormalities in the uterine cavity.
We may order a special Xray where dye is injected into your uterus to see whether your fallopian tubes are open, assess whether your uterus has a normal shape, and to confirm your uterine cavity is not affected by fibroids, polyps, or scar tissue.
It is important that both partners undergo fertility testing, since female factors only contribute to about 45% of infertility cases among women of reproductive age. About 40% of all reported cases of infertility can be traced to male factors.