Uterine and Tubal Issues
Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop in or on the uterus. They can interfere with becoming pregnant by making it difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to your uterine wall. Fibroids may also develop outside the uterus, compressing or blocking your fallopian tubes, thus preventing sperm from reaching your egg.
Women with fibroids are often unaware they have them until they experience issues becoming pregnant. Others experience painful or irregular menstrual cycles or have pain during intercourse. They may even have difficulty moving your bowels or urinating.
We don't know why fibroids form. But, we do know they need estrogen to grow. So, they often shrink after menopause, when a woman's estrogen level decreases.
More than 200,000 women in the US are diagnosed with Endometrial polyps per year. They are most common in women who are undergoing or have completed menopause. Polyp size varies and symptoms include irregular menstrual bleeding and bleeding after menopause. Treatment options include hormone medications and surgery.
Fallopian tubes can be damaged by scar tissue resulting from endometriosis or abdominal or gynecologic surgery. Many women who have had a cesarean section giving birth now experience secondary infertility due to scar tissue formed in the fallopian tube. The scar tissue blocks the egg from entering or traveling down your Fallopian tube to meet the sperm for fertilization.
Infections such as chlamydia, can also affect the fallopian tube, damaging the tiny hairs (cilia) that line the Fallopian tube. Without normal cilia, a fertilized egg may not be able to travel to the uterus, resulting in an ectopic pregnancy, which in turn can further damage your fallopian tube.
If you have had a Tubal Ligation and wish to have a reversal in order to get pregnant, please visit our Tubal Reversal page for more details about your options.